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FEWD bibliography mainly books (with few articles) about atheism /secularism.  

Online Reference Source: Secular Web http://infidels.org/library/modern/author.html

A list of non-theists in philosophy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_nontheists_(philosophy)

With * marked sources are especially important.

A very good starting point is:

*Baggini, J. 2003. Atheism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, Oxford University Press. € 8,-

*Peterson, M. (Hg.) 2004. Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA, Blackwell. (maybe the best pro / contra collection)


Further readings

Aikin, Scott F. / Talisse, Robert B. 2011. Reasonable Atheism: A Moral Case For Respectful Disbelief. Amherst, Prometheus.

*Amarasingam, Amarnath (ed.) 2010. Religion and the New Atheism: A Critical Appraisal. Chicago, IL, Haymarket / Brill.

*Antony, L. (ed.) 2007. Philosophers without Gods. Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life. Oxford, OUP. € 20,-

Berman, D. 1988. A History of Atheism in Britain. From Hobbes to Russell. London, Routledge. € 30,-

Blackford, Russell / Schüklenk, Udo (eds.) 2009. 50 Voices of Disbelief. Why We Are Atheists. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.

*Bullivant, Stephen / Ruse, Michael (eds.) 2013. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

*Bruce, Steve 2011. Secularization: In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Bruce, Steve 2000. God Is Dead: Secularization in the West (Religion and Modernity). Malden, MA, Blackwell.

Buckley, M. ²2009,1987. At the Origins of Modern Atheism. New Haven, Yale University Press. € 30,-

Buckley, Michael J. 2004. Denying and Disclosing God: The Ambiguous Progress of Modern Atheism. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press.

Cimino, Richard / Smith, Christopher 2007. Secular Humanism and Atheism beyond Progressive Secularism. Sociology of Religion 68 (4): 407-424.

*Cliteur, Paul 2010. The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism. Malden, MA, Wiley-Blackwell. (Page 20: Chapter. Atheism as an Unpopular Position). http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Cliteur

Crimmins, James E. 1990. Secular Utilitarianism: Social Science and the Critique of Religion in the Thought of Jeremy Bentham. Oxford, OUP.

Dawkins, Richard 2006. The God Delusion. London, Bantam Press.

Dawkins, Richard 2006. The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design. (Original: 1986). London, Norton. “atheism might have been logically tenable before Charles Darwin, Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist'

Denis, Lara 2003. Kant's Criticisms of Atheism. Kant-Studien 94 (2a): 198-219.

Dennett, Daniel / Plantinga, Alvin 2011. Science and Religion: Are They Compatible? (Point/Counterpoint). Oxford, OUP.

*Dennett, Daniel 2007. Atheism and Evolution. In:  Martin, Michael (Ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 135-148.

Dennett, Daniel 2006. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. London, Penguin. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_the_Spell:_Religion_as_a_Natural_Phenomenon

*Dennett, Daniel 1995. Darwin's Dangerous Idea. New York, NY, Simon & Schuster Page 17.

Drange, Theodore 1998. Nonbelief & Evil: Two Arguments for the Nonexistence of God. Amherst, Prometheus.

Draper, John William 1811–1882 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_William_Draper

Draper, John William 1875. History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science. London.

Draper, Paul  http://infidels.org/library/modern/paul_draper/

Draper, Paul (ed.) 2008. God or Blind Nature? Philosophers Debate the Evidence, infidels.org/library/modern/author.html  .

Draper, Paul 2005. God, Science, and Naturalism. In. Wainwright, William J. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, OUP: 272-303.

*Draper, Paul 2005. God, Science, and Naturalism. In. Wainwright, William J. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, OUP: 272-303: Abstract: … Fourth, the success that both scientists and nonscientists have had in discovering natural causes for natural phenomena justifies a modest methodological naturalism and at the same time provides significant support for metaphysical naturalism.

Draper, Paul 1989. Pain and Pleasure: An Evidential Problem for Theists. Nous 23: 331-350.

Eagleton, Terry 2009. Reason, Faith, & Revolution: Reflections on the God Debate. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press.

Edis, T. 2004. The Ghost in the Universe. God in Light of Modern Science. Amherst, NY, Prometheus. € 20,-

*Fales, Evan 2007. Naturalism and Physicalism. In. Martin, Michael (Hg.). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 118-134.

*Fales, Evan 2010. Divine Intervention: Metaphysical and Epistemological Puzzles. New York, Routledge.

*Flynn, Tom (ed.) 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief (1. Edition 1985). Amherst, NY, Prometheus. "This is a most valuable addition to all existing encyclopedias of religion because it offers the calmly argued perspective of contemporary freethinkers, atheists and secular humanists." -International Review of Biblical Studies, Vol. 54, 2007-0    

*Flynn, T. (ed.) 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Amherst, Prometheus. € 100,-

*Forrest, Barbara 2004. A Defense of Naturalism as a Defense of Secularism. In:  Cotter, Matthew J. (ed.). Sidney Hook Reconsidered. Amherst, Prometheus: 69-115.

*Gale, Richard M 1991. On the Nature and Existence of God. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

*Gould, Stephen Jay 1997. Non-Overlapping Magisteria. Natural History 106 (March): 16-22. see also  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-overlapping_magisteria

Garcia, Robert / King, Nathan L. (eds.) 2008. Is Goodness Without God Good Enough? A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield.

*Gill, Michael B. 2006, 2010. The British Moralists on Human Nature and the Birth of Secular Ethics. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Abstract: Uncovering the historical roots of naturalistic, secular contemporary ethics, in this 2006 volume Michael Gill shows how the British moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries completed a Copernican revolution in moral philosophy.

Harbour, D 2001. An Intelligent Person's Guide to Atheism. London, Duckworth.

Harris, Sam 2004. The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason. New York, Norton. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_End_of_Faith

Harris, Sam 2006. Letter to a Christian Nation. New York, Vintage Books. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letter_to_a_Christian_Nation  

Harris, Sam 2010. The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values. New York, Free Press.

Haught, John F.  2008. God and the New Atheism: A Critical Response to Dawkins, Harris and Hitchens. Louisville, Westminster John Knox Press. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Haught#Public_debate

*Hecht, Jennifer Michael  2003. The End of the Soul: Scientific Modernity, Atheism, and Anthropology in France. New York, Columbia University Press.

Hitchens, Christopher 1949-2011 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hitchens,_Christopher



Hitchens, Christopher 2007. God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. New York, Twelve.


Hitchens, C. (Hg.) 2007. The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever. London, Da Capo Press. € 12,-

*Howard-Snyder, Daniel / McBrayer, Justin P. (eds.) 2013. The Blackwell Companion to The Problem of Evil. New York, Wiley.

Howard-Snyder, Daniel (ed.) 2002. Divine Hiddenness: New Essays. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Howard-Snyder, Daniel (ed.) 1996. Evidential Argument from Evil. Bloomington, Indiana University Press. http://www.iupress.indiana.edu/product_info.php?products_id=20771

Huberman, J. (Hg.) 2007. The Quotable Atheist: Ammunition for Nonbelievers. New York, Nation Books € 12,-

Hyman, Gavin 2010. A Short History of Atheism. London, Tauris.

Joshi, S. (Hg.) 2000. Atheism: A Reader. Amherst, Prometheus. € 15,- (moderne “klassische” Texte)

Kurtz, Paul 1925-2012 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Kurtz  "The father of secular humanism"

Kurtz, Paul / Shook, John R. (eds.) 2009. The Future of Naturalism. Amherst, NY, Humanity Books.

Kurtz, Paul (ed.) 200. Science and Religion: Are They Compatible? Amherst, NY, Prometheus.

Kurtz, Paul 1998. Verbotene Früchte. Ethik des Humanismus (1988 Forbidden Fruit). Neustadt/Rbge., Lenz Verlag. 

Kurtz, Paul 1990. Philosophical Essays in Pragmatic Naturalism. Amherst, NY, Prometheus.

Kurtz, Paul 1983. In Defense of Secular Humanism. Buffalo, NY, Prometheus.

Kurtz, Paul (ed.) 1973. Humanist Manifestos I (1933) and II (1973). Amherst, NY, Prometheus.

Le Poidevin, R. 1962- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_LePoidevin

Le Poidevin, Robin 2010. Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction Oxford, OUP.

Le Poidevin, R. 1996. Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. London, Routledge.

Levine, George (ed.) 2011. Joy of Secularism: 11 Essays for How We Live Now. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

*Mackie, John Leslie 1982. The Miracle of Theism. Arguments for and against the Existence of God. Oxford, OUP.

Martin, Martin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Martin_(philosopher)

*Martin, Martin (Hg.) 2007. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge, CUP. www.cambridge.org   € 20,- (Still the leading companion on atheism)

*Martin, Martin 1990. Atheism. A Philosophical Justification. Philadelphia,  TUP. € 30,-

Martin, Michael 2003. Atheism, Morality, and Meaning. Amherst, NY, Prometheus.

McGrath, Alister E. 2004. The Twilight of Atheism. New York, Doubleday.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_of_Atheism

McGrath, Alister E. 2007. The Dawkins Delusion? - Atheist Fundamentalism and the Denial of the Divine. London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dawkins_Delusion%3F#Dawkins.27_personal_response

McGrath, Alister E. 2007. Der Atheismus-Wahn. Eine Antwort auf Richard Dawkins und den atheistischen Fundamentalismus. Asslar, Gerth Medien.

McGrath, Alister E. 2011. Why God Won't Go Away - Engaging with the New Atheism. London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

*Melnyk, Andrew 2009. Naturalism As a Philosophical Paradigm. Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 12: 188-199.

Melnyk, Andrew 1994. Being a Physicalist: How and (More Importantly) Why. Philosophical Studies 74(2): 221-241.

Moreland, J. (Hg.) 1993. Does God Exist?: The Debate Between Theists & Atheists. Amherst, Prometheus. € 15,-

*Nash, David 2007. Blasphemy in the Christian World: A History. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

O’Connor, David 1998. God and Inscrutable Evil: In Defense of Theism and Atheism. Lanham, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

*Onfray, Michel 2007. Atheist Manifesto: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Carlton, Victoria, Melbourne University Press.

Oppy, Graham 1960- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graham_Oppy

*Oppy, Graham 2013. The Best Argument against God. Basingstoke, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan.

*Oppy, Graham 2006. Arguing about Gods. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Peterson, Michael L. (Hg.) 2004. Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA, Blackwell. http://www.wiley.com (maybe the best pro /contra collection)

Quinn, P.  (Hg.) 1997. A Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Malden, Blackwell. € 30,-

Peterson, M. (Hg.) 2004. Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA, Blackwell.

Plantinga, Alvin 1932- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_Plantinga

*Plantinga, Alvin /  Tooley, M. 2008. Knowledge of God. Malden, Blackwell.

Plantinga, Alvin 2000. Warranted Christian Belief. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Plantinga, Alvin 1967. God and Other Minds: A Study of the Rational Justification of Belief in God. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

*Putnam, Hilary 1992. Materialism and Relativism. In. Putnam, Hilary. Renewing Philosophy. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press: 60-79. Page 60. “ … the terms “physicalism” and “naturalism” have become virtually synonymous with materialism in analytic philosophy”

Quinn, P.  (Hg.) 1997. A Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Malden, Blackwell. € 30,-

*Rosenberg, Alex 2013. The Atheist's Guide to Reality: Enjoying Life without Illusions. New York, NY, Norton. (Very funny and controversial from a leading analytic professor)

Rowe, William L. 1931- Concept of a “Friendly Atheism”  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_L._Rowe#Friendly_atheism  

Rowe, William L (ed.) 2001. God and the Problem of Evil (Blackwell Readings in Philosophy). Malden, MA, Blackwell.

Rowe, William L 2004. Evil is Evidenz against Theistic Belief. In. Peterson, Michael L. (ed.). Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA, Blackwell: 3-13. Page 13: „… the facts about evil in our world provide good reason to think that God does not exist“

Russell, B. 2005, (1957). Why I am Not a Christian. New Preface by Simon Blackburn. London, Routledge.

Russell, Bruce 1996. Defenseless. In. Howard-Snyder, Daniel (ed.). The Evidential Argument From Evil. Bloomington, Indiana University Press: 193-205:Abstract: ... conclude that since we have reason to believe there is pointless suffering we have reason to believe that God does not exist.

Schulzke, Marcus 2013. New atheism and moral theory. Journal of Global Ethics 9: 65-75.

Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter 1955- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Sinnott-Armstrong

Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter / Craig, William Lane 2004. God? A Debate Between a Christian and an Atheist. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter 2009. Morality without God? Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Smith, Jesse M. 2011. Becoming an Atheist in America. Constructing Identity and Meaning from the Rejection of Theism. Sociology of Religion 72 (2): 215-237.

Smith, Quentin 1952- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quentin_Smith

Smith, Quentin 2001. The Metaphilosophy of Naturalism. Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (2): 195-215 Article starts: The desecularication of academia that evolved in philosophy departments sinde the late 1960s. By the second half of the twentieth century, universities and colleges had been become in the main secularized. Siehe Phil Index!

Smith, Quentin / Craig, William Lane 1993. Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Stenger, Victor J. 2007. God: The Failed Hypothesis. How Science Shows That God Does Not Exist. Amherst, Prometheus.

Stenger, Victor J. 2009. The New Atheism. Taking a Stand for Science and Reason. Amherst, Prometheus. € 15,-

Stephens, Mitchell 2014. Imagine There's No Heaven: How Atheism Helped Create the Modern World. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.

Stewart, Robert B. (ed.) 2008. The Future of Atheism: Alister McGrath & Daniel Dennett in Dialogue (With Evan Falls, ...). Minneapolis, MN, Fortress.

Tattersall, Nicholas 1998. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Infidels.org/library/modern/author.html.

Thrower, J. 2000. Western Atheism. A Short History. Amherst, Prometheus. € 15,-

Tollefsen, Christopher 2011. Mind the Gap: Charting the Distance between Christian and Secular Bioethics. Christian Bioethics 17 (1): 47-53. Page 49: II. The dignity of the human person in christian bioehtics.

Tooley, Michael http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Tooley

*Tooley, Michael ²2007, 2002. The Problem of Evil. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://plato.stanford.edu

Wainwright, William J. 2012.12.19. Concepts of God. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/concepts-god/

Wainwright, William J. (ed.) 2005. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, OUP.

Walters, Kerry S. 2010. Atheism: A Guide for the Perplexed. New York, Continuum.

Weinberg, S. 1999. April. A Designer Universe? physlink.com/Education/essay_weinberg.cfm.  “One of the great achievements of science has been, if not to make it impossible for intelligent people to be religious, then at least to make it possible for them not to be religious. We should not retreat from this accomplishment.”

*Weisberger, A. 1999. Suffering Belief: Evil and the Anglo-American Defence of Theism. New York, Lang. http://debunkingchristianity.blogspot.co.at/2012/07/dr-andrea-weisberger-forgotten-atheist.html

White, Andrew Dickson 1960. A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (Original 1896). New York, Dover. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_History_of_the_Warfare_of_Science_with_Theology_in_Christendom

*Wilson, Catherine 2008. Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Abstract: This landmark study examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists, Epicurus and Lucretius, in the articulation of the major philosophical systems of the seventeenth century, and, more broadly, their influence on the evolution of natural science and moral and political philosophy.

Zuckerman, Phil (ed.) 2010. Atheism and Secularity (Praeger Perspectives). Santa Barbara, CA, Praeger.

*Zuckerman, Phil 2010. Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment. New York, NYU Press.



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